The First Chimurenga was a near simultaneous uprising by the veteran warriors of the Ndebele tribe and their former serfs of the Shona tribe against the few thousand settlers who had colonized Rhodesia during the first decade of its existence. Tens of thousands of people died – including many women and children – no one knows the exact number. At the time of the uprising there were only 48 regular police in Rhodesia and the initial onslaught nearly succeeded in driving the European population out of the country. The two tribes were united in the cult of the spirit-mediums, an unwritten religion wherein spirits entered into the the cult priests and whose prophecies were fuel for the rebellion. Here, in authoritative detail, is the story of that rebellion: the story of cults and massacres, of legions of horse hooves pounding the brown dust of Zimbabwe’s valleys, enveloping and shattering the traditional Zulu battle lines of the Ndebele; it’s witchcraft and machine guns; it’s bombs and murder – it’s the First Chimurenga.
This is part two of a ongoing series. You can find part one here: First Matabele War.
Download episode 53 here: download
Maps and Illustrations:
The Rise and Fall of the British Empire by Lawrence James
Cry Zimbabwe: Independence 20 Years on by Peter Stiff
Mugabe: Power And Plunder In Zimbabwe by Martin Meredith
The Fate of Africa by Martin Meredith
The Rhodesian War: A Military History by Paul Moorecraft and Peter McLaughlin
Bush War Operator: Memoirs of the Rhodesian Light Infantry, Selous Scouts and Beyond by Andrew Balaam
Fire Force: A Trooper’s War in the Rhodesian Light Infantry by Chris Cocks
Survival Course: Rhodesian Denouement and the War of Self by Chris Cocks
The Saints: The Rhodesian Light Infantry edited by by Chris Cocks, Craig Bone, and Alexandre Binda
Masodja: The History of the Rhodesian African Rifles and its Forerunner, The Rhodesia Native Regiment by John Wynne Hopkins, Brig David Heppenstal, and Alexandre Binda
Pamwe Chete: The Legend of the Selous Scouts by Ron Ried-Daly
Rhodesia: Last Outpost of the British Empire 1890 – 1980 by Peter Baxter
A History of Rhodesia by Robert Blake (1978).
Taming the Land Mine by Peter Stiff
Black Fire: Accounts of the Guerilla War in Rhodesia by Michael Raeburn
Rhodes: The Race for Africa by Antony Thomas
The Founder by Robert Rotberg
A Handful of Hard Men: The SAS and the Battle for Rhodesia by Hannes Wessels
Dingo Firestorm: The Greatest Battle of the Rhodesian Bush War by Ian Pringle
Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia by Frederick Selous
Selous Scouts: Rhodesian Counter-Insurgency Specialists by Peter Baxter (1896).
Rhodesian Light Infantryman 1961–80 by Neil Grant
White Liberals, Moderates, and Radicals in Rhodesia, 1953-1980 by Ian Hancock
The Iron Lady : Margaret Thatcher, from Grocer’s Daughter to Prime Minister by John Campbell and David Freeman
The Struggle for Zimbabwe: Battle in the Bush by Lewis Gann
The Struggle for Zimbabwe: The Chimurenga War by David Martin and Phyllis Johnson
Origins of Rhodesia by Stanlake Samkange
At the Going Down of the Sun by Charlie Warren
NATIVE POLICY IN SOUTHERN RHODESIA, 1890-1923 (sic). By DUIGNAN, PETER JAMES. Stanford University Doctoral Dissertation. 1961.
‘“It was Difficult in Zimbabwe”: A History of Imprisonment, Detention and Confinement during Zimbabwe’s Liberation Struggle, 1960-1980’ by Munyaradzi Bryn Munochiveyi. University of Minnesota Doctoral Dissertation. 2008.
History of Africa by Kevin Shillington
Cecil Rhodes: Flawed Colossus by Brian Roberts
The Founder: Cecil Rhodes and the Pursuit of Power by Robert Rotberg
“After Two Decades of Rot, Zimbabwe Is Coming Apart at the Seams” by Antony Sguazzin, Ray Ndlovu, and Brian Latham. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-09-14/after-two-decades-of-rot-zimbabwe-is-coming-apart-at-the-seams
The Rise and Fall of the British Empire. 36 Lectures by Patrick Allitt. Produced by the Great Courses.
All our yesterdays, 1890-1970: a pictorial review of Rhodesia’s story from the best of ‘illustrated life Rhodesia’ by Various.
A Martyr Speaks by John Coey
Rhodes and Rhodesia: The White Conquest of Zimbabwe 1884-1902 by Arthur Keppel-Jones